Diarrhoeal diseases and its relation to WaSH practices and MPN count among under-five children residing in Resettlement colony, Delhi

Published

2020-09-30

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47203/IJCH.2020.v32i03.009

Keywords:

Diarrhoeal diseases; under 5, drinking water quality, presumptive coliform count, WaSH practices

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Original Article

Authors

  • Risa Vernette Nengminza Sangma Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, India https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2825-2755
  • Sanjeev Kumar Rasania Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, India
  • Joysula Gnani Prasuna Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, India
  • Ranjan Das Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, India
  • Manoj Jais Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, India

Abstract

Background: Globally, diarrhoeal diseases are the second leading cause of death among under 5 children and India alone accounts for 100,000 lives annually, third highest in the world. In low and middle-income countries, contaminated water has been the major source of diarrhoeal diseases and lack of improper WaSH (Water, Sanitation and Hygiene) practices accounts for 90% of the total death. Aims and Objective: To find out the burden of diarrhoea and its relation to WASH practices among children and mothers/care givers and Presumptive Coliform count of drinking water. Materials and Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study conducted in Resettlement colony, Delhi. A total of 553 under 5 children were studied after attaining consent from mothers/care givers. MPN count per 100 ml was measured from drinking water storage vessel. Result: Prevalence of diarrhoea was found to be 40.70%, being higher among children aged between 13-24 months (57.3%). Out of the total water samples, 37% of samples were unsatisfactory, 36% suspicious and 22% satisfactory. None of the samples were found to be satisfactory. Lack of WaSH practices was observed among mother/care givers.  Conclusion: Understanding the factors influencing the occurrence of diarrhoeal diseases and drinking water quality will help reduce the burden of diarrhoeal diseases.

How to Cite

1.
Sangma RVN, Rasania SK, Prasuna JG, Das R, Jais M. Diarrhoeal diseases and its relation to WaSH practices and MPN count among under-five children residing in Resettlement colony, Delhi. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2020 Sep. 30 [cited 2022 Dec. 7];32(3):512-7. Available from: https://www.iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/1811

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