Prevalence and pattern of non-communicable diseases among elderly in a sub-urban area of Delhi

  • Tushar Prabhakar Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6559-6867
  • Manish Kumar Goel Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi
  • Anita Shankar Acharya Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi
  • Sanjeev Kumar Rasania Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi
Keywords: non-communicable diseases, elderly, India

Abstract

Background: With increasing proportion of geriatric population across societies, the occurrence and prevalence of non-communicable diseases has been steadily increasing as well. The study tries to showcase the pattern and proportion of NCDs among the elderly population in a sub-urban part of Delhi. Aim & Objective: To assess the prevalence and study the morbidity profile of NCDs among geriatric population of Delhi. Materials & Methods: A community based cross sectional study was done in 350 elderly participants in Mehrauli, Delhi. Data was collected using a semi-structured questionnaire. Detailed general and systemic examination was also done. Results: A total of 87.4% of the study population was suffering from at least one NCD; 68% were having an already known NCD(s) while 19.4% were newly diagnosed during the study. 2.41 NCDs were found per patient. The prevalence of hypertension was 58%, 49.4% suffered from senile cataract, 32.9% had osteoarthritis, 30.3% had diabetes mellitus, and 26.9% had obesity. Hypertension and diabetes mellitus together were present in 18.3% while the combination of hypertension, diabetes mellitus and obesity was seen in 9.4% of the study participants. Conclusion: Burden of NCDs among the elderly was notably high with a large proportion of them having multimorbidity. It gets important to focus on preventive measures to delay the onset and stem the progression of NCDs to facilitate healthy ageing.

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Published
2021-03-31
How to Cite
1.
Prabhakar T, Goel MK, Acharya AS, Rasania SK. Prevalence and pattern of non-communicable diseases among elderly in a sub-urban area of Delhi. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2021Mar.31 [cited 2021May13];33(1):75 -81. Available from: https://www.iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/1996
Section
Original Article

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