PREVALENCE OF RISK-FACTORS OF NON-COMMUNICABLE DISEASES IN RURAL POPULATION OF BLOCK DOIWALA DEHRADUN
Background: The important risk factors identified for NCDs are high blood pressure, high concentration of cholesterol in the blood, overweight and obesity and tobacco use . Non-communicable diseases (NCDs), especially cardiovascular diseases, cancers and type 2 diabetes mellitus account for 53% and 44% of all deaths and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) respectively in India1 Therefore, primordial prevention of occurrence of risk factors along with their early identification and management can help delay the progress to non-communicable diseases Objectives: Profiling risk-factors for non-communicable diseases in rural population. Material & Methods: 707 study participants of more than 15 years of age were included in the study. Behavioural risk factor profile was obtained by interview technique, followed by anthropometric measurements and biochemical assessment of all the individuals. Statistical Analysis : Percentage calculation of subjects having Risk factors for non-communicable diseases & correlation analysis. Results : 14.8% study population was found to be overweight and obese(>25 kg/m 2 ).Overweight & Obesity was two times more in females than males As per the weight hip ratio 44.8% population was in the moderate to high risk category(Male ->0.96, female ->0.80). Overall 6.7 % population was found to be hypertensive. About 3.7% of the subjects were in frank diabetic status (random blood sugar level more than 200 mg/dl).Blood cholesterol levels were above 200 mg/dl.( At risk category) in 7.4% subjects. Conclusions : Prevalence of NCD risk factors is comparatively lower in the area however “At risk” population is large requiring appropriate & timely actions to stop even the emergence epidemic of NCDs.