Predictors of Practice of breast self-examination among women in District Ambala (Haryana)




Breast Self-Examination, Health Knowledge, Attitude & Practice


Background: Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women and its early detection is critical to improve survival. Breast self-examination is a cheap, basic and non-intellectual method to detect breast cancer. Aims and objectives: 1To determine the knowledge, attitude and practices regarding breast self-examination2. To explain the various factors which affect the practice of BSE Material and Methods: The present study was carried out among 300 women residing in rural and urban areas of district Ambala using a self-designed pretested semi-structured questionnaire. Results: In this study 127 (42.3%) of the participants had heard of BSE and 107 (35.7%) of the participants knew how to perform BSE.  Overall, 47.7%, 30.3%, and 22% of the study participants had poor (<50%), medium (50–75%), and good knowledge (>75) on BSE, respectively. Educational qualification, knowing the three positions to perform BSE, knowing how often should BSE be done, taught how to do BSE, BSE is a useful tool to detect breast cancer were seen to be significantly associated   with practice of BSE. Conclusion: This study elucidates that the knowledge as well as practice of BSE was significantly low in the population. This study provides insights into the various factors which affect the practice of BSE .


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How to Cite

Gupta S, Bhardwaj A, Nadda A, Mittal A, Singh K. Predictors of Practice of breast self-examination among women in District Ambala (Haryana). Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2022 Dec. 31 [cited 2023 Dec. 10];34(4):501-5. Available from:



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