Correlates of anemia in pregnant women

  • Ranjana Singh
  • Akhil Kumar Singh
  • S C Gupta
  • Hemant Kumar Singh


Background: Anemia during pregnancy is a global public health challenge facing the world today. Prevalence of anemia in pregnancy in all the age groups is higher in India as compared to other developing countries. Objective: This study is aimed at determining the magnitude and to explore the socio-demographic and other correlates of anemia among pregnant women. Methodology: This descriptive study with cross-sectional design was conducted in a tertiary care hospital. Pregnant who were attending antenatal clinic for a period of one year were comprised the study material. Correlation between variables was analyzed using the chi-square and odd ratio. Results: Three hundred and thirty eight pregnant women were registered for the present study, whose age ranged from 16 to 45 years with a mean age of 26.08 years. Majority (81.95%) participants were found to be anemic. It was observed that anemia was more prevalent in pregnant women age groups i.e. 25-29 years and 30+years i.e. 86.67% and 86.21% respectively. Anemia was 82.92% in women were belonging to Hindu and others religion and 82.24% in women having vegetarian diet. Maximum prevalence (83.93%) of anemia was observed in women who were booked for antenatal care in the 3rd trimester of pregnancy. The prevalence of anemia is higher (>85%) in women having parity two or more, but this association was not statistically significant. Very few (6.21%) were found to be severely anemic as compared to women who were moderately anemic (43.19%). Multiple logistic regression analysis of these factors showed that possibility of anemia is less in women who belong to rural area and it is highly significant. Analysis further showed significant association between anemia and type of diet and other factors like women having parity 1 and 4. Conclusion: The prevalence of anemia amongst the pregnant participants was very high. The socio-demographic and obstetrics factors were found to be associated with anemia. To prevent anemia is a challenge in antenatal care and it is recommended that studies focusing on the specific etiologic agents are needed to be conducted


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Singh R, Singh AK, Gupta SC, Singh HK. Correlates of anemia in pregnant women. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2015Sep.30 [cited 2020Sep.26];27(3):351-5. Available from:
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