Aerosols exposure and respiratory morbidity among dental health care Professionals of Lucknow

  • Syed Esam Mahmood King Khalid University, Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • Ausaf Ahmad Integral Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
  • Nadeem Ahmad Taibah University, Al-Madinah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • Khursheed Muzammil Khamis Mushait Campus, King Khalid University, Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • Mahesh Chander Integral Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
  • Shireen Siddiqui Integral Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
Keywords: Aerosols, respiratory morbidities, dental professionals

Abstract

Introduction: Dentists use high-energy equipment, such as drills and scalers in the presence of bodily fluids such as blood and saliva, and dental plaque. This combined effect generates aerosols of oral micro-organisms, and blood. Objective: To determine the prevalence of respiratory morbidities and practices for protection against aerosols exposure at work place among dental health care professionals in District Lucknow. Methods: This cross-sectional study involved private dental practitioners registered with Indian Dental Association chosen by Simple Random Sampling. Dentists who gave consent and who were practicing for at least 1 year were included. Aerosol exposure and respiratory morbidity was assessed using a self-administered questionnaire. SPSS software version 16.0 was used for data analysis. Results: Total number of study participants were 0. Mean age in years of study subjects were 33.5 ±11.6. Their average years of involvement in clinical practice were 10.0 ±12.75. Majority of dental practitioners used hand scalers (70%) and power scalers (80%) on patients. A higher proportion changed their masks by the day (60%).  Majority used protective eye goggles (70%). Only 30% used high efficiency particulate room filters while 20% used humidifiers and air purification systems. One fifth of respondents usually had cough. Conclusion: Respiratory morbidity is associated with workplace generated aerosol among dental health professionals. Awareness regarding occupational exposure and implementation of preventive strategies is required to provide a safe working environment.

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Author Biography

Shireen Siddiqui, Integral Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh

 

 

Published
2019-12-31
How to Cite
1.
Mahmood SE, Ahmad A, Ahmad N, Muzammil K, Chander M, Siddiqui S. Aerosols exposure and respiratory morbidity among dental health care Professionals of Lucknow. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2019Dec.31 [cited 2020Feb.26];31(4):499 -505. Available from: http://www.iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/1127
Section
Original Article