Modified BG Prasad Socio-economic Classification, Update - 2019


  • Vivek Kumar Pandey Muzaffarnagar Medical college, Muzaffarnagar-251203, U.P.
  • Pradeep Aggarwal All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand
  • Rakesh Kakkar All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Mangalagiri, Andhra Pradesh



BG Prasad socio-economic classification, Consumer Price Index CPI 2019


Modified BG Prasad socioeconomic scale has been in use for determining the socio-economic status of study subjects in community-based health studies in India since 1961.It is an income-based scale and, therefore, constant update is required to take inflation and depreciation of rupee into account. For industrial workers (IW), the consumer price index (CPI) is used to calculate updated income categories at any given point of time, viz Jan 2019.

These details of the calculations involved will help many researchers to calculate specific income categories for their ongoing and prospective research work in current calendar year. On the Department of Labour website (, state-specific CPI values are also available and should be used to determine more accurate income categories.


Download data is not yet available.


Sharma R. Revision of Prasad’s social classification and provision of an online tool for real-time updating. South Asian J Cancer 2013;2:157.[PubMed]

Park K. Preventive and Social Medicine. 24th ed. M/s Banarsidas Bhanot; 2017. p. 726-27

Parikh U, Trivedi G. Manual of socio-economic status scale (Rural). Delhi: Mansayan, 1964

Shirpurkar GRI. Construction and standardization of a scale for measuring status for farm families. Indian J Extn Edu 1967; 3 : 16-24.

Jalota S, Pandey RN, Kapoor SD, Singh RN. Socio-economic status scale questionnaire (Urban), New Delhi: Psycho-Centre, 1970.

Kulshrestha SP, Day P. Socio-economic status scale (Urban) form-A, Agra: National Psychological Corporation, 1972.

Srivastava GP. Socio-economic status scale (Urban), Agra: National Psychological Corporation, 1978

Bhardwaj RL. Manual for socio-economic status scale. Agra: National Psychological Corporation, 2001.

Prasad BG. Social classification of Indian families. J Indian Med Assoc 1961;37:250-1.

Kuppuswami BR. Socio-economic status scale (Urban). Delhi: Mansayan, 1962.

Prasad BG. Social Classification of Indian families. J Indian Med Assoc 1968;51:365-6.

Prosad BG. Changes proposed in the social classification of Indian families. J Indian Med Assoc. 1970 Sep 16;55(6):198-9. PubMed PMID: 5501467.[PubMed].

Kumar P. Social classification-need for constant update. Indian J Community Med 1993;18:2.

Agarwal A. Social classification: the need to update in the present scenario. Indian J Community Med. 2008 Jan;33(1):50-1. doi: 10.4103/0970-0218.39245. PubMed PMID: 19966998; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2782230.[PubMed]

Mangal A, Kumar V, Panesar S, Talwar R, Raut D, Singh S. Updated BG Prasad socioeconomic classification, 2014: A commentary. Indian J Public Health 2015;59:42-4.

Patnaik I, Shah A, Veronese G. How to measure inflation in India? New Delhi: National Institute of Public Finance and Policy; 2011. Available form: NIPFP_der_program/index.html. [Last accessed on 2019 Mar 1].

Nadhanael GV, Pattanaik S. Measurement of Inflation in India: Issues and challenges for the conduct of monetary policy. New Delhi: Reserve Bank of India; no date. Available form: aspx?urlpage=andID=594

Central Statistics Office. Consumer Price Index numbers separately for Rural and Urban areas and also combined (Rural plus Urban). New Delhi: Ministry of Statistics and Programme implementation; 2011. Available form: http://

Government of India. Construction and Maintenance of Index numbers. Available form: [Last accessed on 2019 Mar 1].




How to Cite

Pandey VK, Aggarwal P, Kakkar R. Modified BG Prasad Socio-economic Classification, Update - 2019. Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2019 Mar. 31 [cited 2024 Jul. 22];31(1):150-2. Available from:



Short Article

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 5 > >>