New HIV Infection Estimation from Program Data of Key Populations

Authors

  • Richard L Chawngthu State AIDS Control Society, Mizoram https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9904-7823
  • Venkatesan Chakrapani Center for Sexual & Health Research and Policy, Chennai https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9998-9135
  • Padum Narayan National AIDS Control Organisation, Department of Health & Family Welfare, Govt. of India, New Delhi https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4567-3455
  • Vinita Verma National AIDS Control Organisation, Department of Health & Family Welfare, Govt. of India, New Delhi https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2810-4704
  • Shobini Rajan National AIDS Control Organisation, Department of Health & Family Welfare, Govt. of India, New Delhi https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6109-538X
  • Rajesh Kumar State Health Systems Resource Center, National Health Mission, Department of Health & Family Welfare, Govt. of Punjab; Department of Communicable Diseases and Population Health, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, UK; University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9750-3437

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47203/IJCH.2021.v33i02.032

Keywords:

Human Immuno-Deficiency Virus, Prevalence, Incidence, Surveillance, Female Sex Workers, Injecting Drug Users, Programme Evaluation

Abstract

In India, HIV sentinel surveillance is carried out to estimate the prevalence of HIV for calibrating the response. However, estimate of new HIV infections is also needed to monitor the effectiveness of prevention strategies. We used Targeted Intervention Program data of Injecting Drug Users (IDUs) and Female Sex Workers (FSWs) enrolled in Targeted Intervention (TI) programme in Aizawl district of Mizoram state to estimate the trend in new HIV infection rate. Those who had tested HIV positive in a particular year but were negative in the previous HIV test were considered to be newly infected. New HIV infections were found to have a rising trend from 2010 to 2019 (p<0.01). The new infection rate of HIV was 6.73% among IDUs and 1.94% among FSWs in 2019. This analysis, which requires minimal resources, may be undertaken at regular interval in all Targeted Intervention Programs to monitor the effect of preventive strategies at local level.

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References

HIV Sentinel Surveillance 2016-17. Technical Brief. New Delhi: NACO, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, 2017. http://naco.gov.in/sites/default/files/HIV%20SENTINEL%20SURVEILLANCE_06_12_2017_0.pdf[Accessed on 25/06/21]

National AIDS Control Organization & ICMR-National Institute of Medical Statistics. HIV Estimations 2017: Technical Report. New Delhi: NACO, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, 2018. http://naco.gov.in/sites/default/files/HIV%20Estimations%202017%20Report_1.pdf[Accessed on 25/05/21]

Targeted Interventions under NACP III. Operational Guidelines. New Delhi: NACO, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, 2007 http://naco.gov.in/sites/default/files/NACP-III.pdf[Accessed on 25/06/21]

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Chauhan CK, Lakshmi PVM, Sagar V, Sharma A, Arora SK, Kumar R. Immunological markers for identifying recent HIV infection in North-West India. Indian J Med Res 2020; 152(3): 227-233.

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Published

2021-06-30

How to Cite

1.
Chawngthu RL, Chakrapani V, Narayan P, Verma V, Rajan S, Kumar R. New HIV Infection Estimation from Program Data of Key Populations . Indian J Community Health [Internet]. 2021 Jun. 30 [cited 2024 Jul. 19];33(2):397-9. Available from: https://www.iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/article/view/2197

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Short Article

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